By Adam Carter
CBC News - Hamilton
Posted: Aug 11, 2015
Environment Hamilton's Inhale mapping project works in tandem with bike air monitoring
Some of Environment Hamilton's newest volunteers to help map air quality in the city can't even walk yet.
As part of an ongoing effort to gather street level pollution data, some parents are even volunteering to attach air quality monitors to their baby's strollers and head out for a walk.
It's part of Environment Hamilton's new Inhale project, which maps particulate matter in a way that stationary air monitoring systems can't.
"When you're mobile, you start to drill down into the neighbourhood level," said Environment Hamilton's executive director Lynda Lukasik.
She hopes this data – coupled with a similar bicycle air quality monitoring project that was launched last year – will help inform the public and drive policy decisions when it comes to health and the environment.
Environment Hamilton's Inhale and bike air mapping tools give a drilled down look at air quality at the neighbourhood level. (Environment Hamilton)
It's a relatively simple system. A person walks (or rides) with a device that measures particulate matter in the air, alongside a GPS. That data is then uploaded to an online heat map where people can click specific areas and see what averages are alongside specific counts for specific times.
As Hamilton only has three stationary air monitoring stations clustered around the lower city (that you can also access on the mapping tool), the maps give an extended picture in other neighbourhoods.
"And there are some areas that really jump out at you that something is going on," Lukasik said. In some cases, air quality is actually better than expected. In others at specific times, it's worse.
Project confined to particulate matter
There are some limitations to the project. Inhale is confined to the Beasley and Crown Point neighbourhoods, and doesn't span the extent of the city that the bike air monitoring project does.
It also only measures particulate matter – which is linked to cardiovascular and respiratory disease, asthma attacks and acute bronchitis – but misses other important air quality measures. That's because of limitations with available and affordable technology, Lukasik says.
But measuring particulate matter in the city is no less important. Hamilton recorded the highest levels of particulate matter in the province in 2013, and those levels have risen since 2004.
The biggest limitation the project faces is that it can't be scientifically verified in the way that an official air monitoring station can be, as it isn't pulling data at regular intervals. Environment Hamilton is up front about though, and has a disclaimer on the website that the data is intended for "educational purposes only."
Driving city decisions
But even with those limitations, these tools can be useful to educate people about air quality in their neighbourhoods, Lukasik says – as well as help drive policy decisions at the city level.
As more volunteers contribute to the system, the data grows stronger and could be used to identify areas of the city that might benefit from increased tree planting or to help with the argument for two-way street conversions, Lukasik says.
"We're really trying to grow this effort," Lukasik said.
"The three monitors per community approach just doesn't cut it anymore."
See the original article at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/news